Happee x ICI Toilettes: The promise of accessible toilets during the olympic games

Happee x ICI Toilettes: The promise of accessible toilets during the olympic games


We’re delighted to announce another successful cooperation between ICI Toilettes and HAPPEE Services, aimed at providing even greater access to quality, free toilets. Thanks to this partnership, users of the ICI Toilettes app will now have access to mobile toilets provided by HAPPEE Services, enriching their toilet location experience wherever they are.

A strategic alliance for accessibility in an urban environment

Based on a shared vision of making urban spaces more accessible and welcoming, this alliance is a major step forward in the pursuit of innovative solutions to meet citizens’ fundamental needs. HAPPEE Services, a leading provider of mobile public toilets, has teamed up with ICI Toilettes, an application that offers easy, convenient access to public toilets, enhanced by a free service at a network of partner retailers in several French cities.

But who is Happee?

HAPPEE Services is a renowned player in the field of mobile public toilets, offering innovative solutions tailored to the needs of city dwellers. Their extensive product range includes mobile toilets, toilets for people with reduced mobility, eco-friendly dry toilets, showers and hand-washing facilities. The main mission of HAPPEE Services is to provide sanitary facilities for events in the Paris and PACA regions, making a point of honnor  to design  green installations.

Here are HAPPEE Services' 5 commitments to the planet:

Social Innovation

HAPPEE Services fights discrimination in the workplace and ensures a safe and pleasant working environment. And toilets are part of it!

Circular economy

HAPPEE Services has set up a waste recycling process to preserve ecosystems, concerning both its equipments and the waste collected from them, such as urine.

Towards carbon neutrality

HAPPEE Services takes daily action to reduce its CO2 emissions through low-carbon vehicles, strict maintenance processes, optimized rounds and reforestation initiatives.

Creating value

Enygea, the parent company of HAPPEE Services, is a fast-growing, independent French group. With 40 national branches and 350 employees.

Inclusive Solutions

HAPPEE Services offers inclusive hygiene solutions, with equipments adapted to people with reduced mobility and innovations that reduce waiting time between men and women.

A shared vision for an inclusive Paris

ICI Toilettes and HAPPEE Services share a common vision for Paris: a city where everyone feels welcomed, supported and included. Working hand in hand, we aspire to create an urban environment where public toilets are accessible to all, without exception. We firmly believe that initiatives such as this one help to strengthen social ties, promote inclusion and improve the quality of life of all Parisians.

Increased deployment of ICI Toilets in Paris during the olympic games

Thanks to this strategic partnership, ICI Toilettes will be deployed in Paris during the olympic games in June. with 100 partner retailers. The innovative mobile toilet solutions from HAPPEE Services are embedded into our existing network,offering an easy, convenient access to public toilets throughout the city. Whether you’re a Parisian resident, a tourist or just on the move, finding a quality public toilet will no longer be a challenge.

Find all HAPPEE Services toilets on ICI Toilettes!

To view all our partner retailers sharing their toilets in your town, open our ICI Toilettes application or go to our “Partners“at the top of our website.

Toilet paper – Its incredible history

Toilet paper – Its incredible history

Toilet paper - Its incredible history

Oh, toilet paper, that humble hero of our most intimate moments. Let’s go back in time, to the days when our ancestors had to improvise some quite wild solutions. Polished shells and sponges at the end of a stick, a time when hygiene rhymed with adventure.

I - It all began in Ancient Greece

Back in the days of yore, around 421 B.C., Ancient Greece was at the forefront of hygiene, and guess what, they were fans of “pessoi,” otherwise known as… pebbles. Archaeologists, true toilet detectives, have even found these pessoi in latrines around the Mediterranean. At the time, latrines were the “collective toilets” for the Greeks and Romans.

The pessoi, with a precise size ranging from 3 to 10.5 centimeters in diameter and a thickness of 0.6 to 2.2 centimeters, were the essential accessories for wiping. Yes, you read that right, back then it was the pebble combo for antique cleanliness. Of course, these pebbles were polished, because who would risk injuring themselves in this sensitive area? The ultimate refinement: they were often made from old ceramics.

In ancient Rome, historians believe the Romans had a weakness for the “tersorium” – a sponge at the end of a stick. After each use, it was rinsed and made available to the next latrine adventurer. A memorable anecdote comes from the philosopher Seneca the Younger, describing the tragic episode of a German gladiator who decided to end his life in the toilet, using a tersorium as a dramatic prop. The story thus offers us both a comic and dark picture of the history of ancient hygiene practices.

II - The Middle Ages choose the organic

Ah, the enigmatic Middle Ages, a time when discretion reigned even in post-toilet wiping testimonials. Today, we’ve been able to unearth a variety of materials for this noble ritual. We’re talking old rags, bits of fabric, even little balls of wool. But wait, it’s getting botanical! Natural resources were also on the agenda, with cleaning adventurers opting for plant-based materials. Imagine wiping yourself with moss, leaves, hay or even straw!

III - Asia revolutionizes the way we wipe

In Asia, the use of the hygienic stick spread from India to China and Japan. In China, archaeologists have found bamboo sticks dating back to the 1st century AD. These sticks were wrapped in cloth to be dipped in water for cleansing after defecation. Now imagine yourself in Japan during the Nara period (710 to 784), where “chuugi”, clothless sticks, were the trend in post-defection hygiene. After the stones, there come the sticks!

As for paper, the hero of our story, it was born in China in the second century BC. Of course, this was the beginning of the toilet paper era. The first evidence of this revolution dates back to 589 AD. You could wipe with paper, whether used or new, the latter being produced from rice straw. It’s no wonder the Chinese have been using it up by the bucketful! A report from 1393 mentions that 720,000 sheets were produced every year for the imperial palace alone. And 15,000 of 20 cm square sheets were specially produced for the imperial family. Soft, fragrant paper for imperial royalty.

IV - The West steps in to market the product we all know

History continues in the West during the Renaissance. Rabelaisthe enlightened author and physician, has given us a nugget in the history of personal hygiene. Imagine Gargantua,a giant with an unusual daily routine, discussing the various materials used to wipe his buttocks with his father. An endless list where everything seems inadequate for this delicate giant. And here it is, for the first time, paper enters the scene. However, Gargantua, an astute critic, deemed it inappropriate, arguing that it had the unfortunate tendency to irritate the private parts. Paper, then a young player in the hygiene drama, was already in the running, but not without some growling from the giant.

At that time in Europe, paper was precious, almost a luxury. More than just a forecasting tool, almanacs became practical hangers, suspended by a cleverly placed rope. And, between us, their use wasn’t limited to reading, was it?

Then came the era of industrialization, transforming paper from a rare treasure into a common good. The avalanche of newspapers, the revolution in periodicals, all contributed to making paper more accessible. However, the big change came outside China, where fresh paper for more intimate purposes became a reality .

E n 1857, New York entrepreneur Joseph Gayetty took the bold step of creating the very first commercial toilet paper. Each leaf proudly bore its own name, a clever reminder of what we were dealing with. And to boost sales, the product was presented as a medicinal marvel, a panacea for hemorrhoids. The year 1890 saw the advent of the roll, thanks to Clarence and Irvin Scott, also enshrined in the annals of paper. One year later, Seth Wheeler improved the concept with perforated lines, putting an end to the eternal debate: roll over or roll under?

Then, in the 1920s, the Hoberg Paper Company launched a toilet paper specifically designed for women, the famous “Charmin”.Charmin“.Goodbye medicinal properties, hello feminine softness. It was the beginning of a new era for toilet paper.

Toilet paper entered its golden age, becoming a flamboyant symbol of the economic revival after the Second World War. The 1950s and 1960s, with their growing prosperity, opened the doors of comfort to all, particularly in Germany and France. The exponential growth in production led to a significant drop in price, making toilet paper the jewel in the crown for every household. A revolution no one could have expected, but one that has rolled out the carpet of wellness in our loos.

Rest assured, if you use our ICI Toilettes app, you’ll be able to find the toilet closest to you, and they will feature actual toilet paper! 

Public toilets – Where to find them? The guide to finding them everywhere!

Public toilets – Where to find them? The guide to finding them everywhere!

Where can I find public toilets?

Ah, that fateful moment when a little inner voice reminds you that finding public toilets becomes the most crucial mission of all. Those days are gone! Whether you’re a city dweller in a hurry, an intrepid traveler or simply caught off-guard, our “Where can I find public toilets?” as well as our ICI Toilettes application will help you find them, whether you’re in Paris, Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lyon… Let’s check together the unexpected corners and strategic locations where you can satisfy this fundamental need with serenity, anywhere in the world.

Where can i find public toilets?

To view all our partner retailers sharing their toilets in your town, open our ICI Toilettes application or go to our “Partners“at the top of our website.


1 - In parks and green spaces

Urban parks are oases for nature lovers and toilet seekers. Public toilets are often well-maintained, offering peaceful shelter in the midst of nature.

2 - In shopping malls

Malls are much more than just shopping temples. They usually feature clean, spacious toilets. Don’t hesitate to ask the security guards if you’re having trouble locating them.

3 - In stations

Railway stations are travel hubs where you’ll often find well-maintained toilets. Take a well-deserved break while you wait.

4 - At service stations

Service stations not only provide petrol, but also toilets open to the public. It’s a convenient stopover on your journey to stretch your legs and satisfy your needs.

5 - In libraries

Libraries are cultural jewels and, often, places with sanitary facilities. Check out your local library for an educational experience with a welcome break.

6 - In cafés & restaurants

Restaurants and catering establishments aren’t just for culinary delights. Many welcome non-customers to use their toilets! In fact, you can find a list of our Ici Toilettes partners who welcome you free of charge in the “Partners” section or on our application.

7 - In amusement parks

Amusement parks are the ultimate playground, but did you know they also have toilets at every corner ? A handy trick in between rides.

8 - In DIY stores

Large DIY stores are often equipped with toilets. Visit them for your renovation projects and make the opportunity to take a break.

9 - In hotels

Even if you’re not a hotel guest, many allow the public to use their toilets . Walk confidently down the hall to the place of relief.

10 - In museums

Museums offer an enriching educational experience, and are often equipped with modern sanitary facilities. Explore art and science with peace of mind.

What is parcopresis, and how to fight it in 5 steps?

What is parcopresis, and how to fight it in 5 steps?


Psychological balance is often overlooked, but disorders such as parcopresis, or fear of evacuation, can have a significant impact on daily life. This article explores this disorder, its origins, and offers advice on how to overcome this specific anxiety.

I - What is Parcopresis?

Parcopresis, also known as phobic toilet syndrome, is a phobia that manifests itself as a fear of defecating in a public toilet or in someone else’s home. it causes delays in evacuation, which can have consequences for gastrointestinal health and overall quality of life.

Origins and Contributing Factors

The origins of parcopresis are often complex and can vary from one person to another. Some common factors include traumatic experiences related to toilet use, self-esteem issues, or excessive concerns about the judgment of others. Social and cultural pressures around toileting can also contribute to anxiety.

II - Symptoms of Parcopresis

Toilet avoidance

People with parcopresis may avoid using public toilets or those at friends’ homes, which can lead to long-term health complications.

Intense anxiety

The mere thought of using a toilet away from home can trigger intense anxiety, sometimes accompanied by physical symptoms such as sweating, shaking or stomach aches.

Impact on quality of life

This phobia can restrict social activities and lead to difficulties at work or school, significantly altering quality of life.

III - How to combat Parcopresis? 5 practical tips

1) Seeking professional help

Consulting a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, can be the crucial first step in understanding and treating parcopresis.

2) Social support

Talking about your fears with trusted friends and family can provide crucial emotional support. Empathy and understanding can play a significant role in the healing process.

3) Progressive exposure

Gradually exposing yourself to feared situations can help desensitize fear. Starting with familiar surroundings can be the first step.

4) Relaxation and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) techniques

Learning relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or meditation, can help manage toilet-related anxiety. CBT is also often recommended for treating parcopresis. It helps to identify and change the negative thought patterns associated with the phobia.

5) Small aids such as the ICI Toilet app:

The ICI Toilettes app also helps people who think they havethis phobia, or who actually do haveit . She does her best to show you the nearest toilets in advance, whether they are public toilets or those belonging to our partner retailers. We work daily to list and select clean toilets, to avoid parcopresia and claustrophobia.

With ICI Toilettes, youou’re safe. Would you like to see all our partner merchants in your town? Go directly to our application or to our “


Please click on “Partners” at the top of our site.

The 2024 Olympic Games in Paris: A Toilet Challenge Fit for the Capital

The 2024 Olympic Games in Paris: A Toilet Challenge Fit for the Capital

The Paris Games: A Toilet Challenge for the Capital!

The Games in 2024 in Paris are shaping up to be a memorable global event, attracting visitors from all over the world. However, beyond the sporting performances and celebrations, a major logistical challenge lies ahead: public toilets. Every year, 15 million people use them.

But how is the capital preparing to welcome millions of people and guarantee an optimal experience?

Olympic games

New solutions for the city

Over the past few months, Paris has spared no effort to meet this challenge with ingenuity. The city announces the addition of 315 additional urinals and toilets on the public domain by signing a new contract with JCDecaux for 18 million Euros. This demonstrates a real commitment to anticipating and responding proactively to this problem.

In addition to this, around 40% of public toilets will be replaced by new, more ecological and technological models that will cut cleaning time by a factor of three, naturally increasing the number of users.

"These new toilets will be more environmentally virtuous with water and electricity consumption reduced by two-thirds and one-third respectively."

The all-new sanisettes, the brainchild of designer Patrick Jouin, who had already left his mark on the previous model, are now ready to welcome visitors to the Olympic Games in Paris in 2024.

Ici Toilettes : Your Essential Guide to the 2024 Olympic Games

To help the city of Paris, our Ici Toilettes application is a must-have resource for visitors.

We are delighted to be associated with
Paris Je T’aime
Paris Tourist Office, for our commitment to the collective effort by signing the hospitality charter. As a privileged partner, we are actively contributing to improving the welcome for tourists during this exceptional period, ensuring an unforgettable experience for all visitors taking part in the Olympic Games in Paris in 2024. Our collaboration with Paris Je T’aime also strengthens our determination to achieve great things for the people of the capital.


As soon as you arrive in Paris, download the ICI Toilettes app from the Apple Store/Google Play Store to locate the nearest public toilets
or to find free-access toilets at

hundred retailers

 (to be implemented by June 2024).

The (not so) cheeky story of public toilets!

The (not so) cheeky story of public toilets!


It’s quite a story, that of the appearance of public toilets! Often a subject of ridicule, public toilets remain a need and an essential social right in urban environments. Today, we’re sharing their history with you, from their creation by the Roman Emperor Vespasian to today’s women’s urinals.

A urine tax, seriously?!

The history of public toilets began in Rome in the first century A.D., when the emperor Vespasian, father of Titus, decided to establish a tax on urine. This tax may sound funny, but it turned out to be very prolific, since urine was used by textile workers at the time for the cleaning properties of the ammonia it contained. So Vespasian set up what can be considered the very first public toilets. Containers were placed in the streets of Rome so that textile workers could come and collect the urine when passers-by had filled them.

"Pecunia non olet" (Money doesn't smell)

From cesspools to Rambuteau columns

In France, until the end of the 18th century, it was usual to relieve oneself anywhere outdoors. However, at the end of the 1700s, an edict formally prohibited these practices “de par le Roy”, making life very difficult for the French!
Antoine de Sartine, lieutenant-general of the police, decided to install cesspools in the streets of Paris to allow passers-by to relieve themselves. With urine still considered a source of income, this time for the phosphate it contains (a natural fertilizer), the race for innovation began.

In 1800, two types of thoughts emerged:

  • Urine must be collected as it is a source of income.
  • Passers-by must be able to relieve themselves quickly without risking a fine.

It wasn’t until 1834 that the first public toilets appeared, thanks to the Comte de Rambuteau (George Haussmann’s predecessor as pr√©fet de la Seine).

After an epidemic of cholera that devastated the country, hygiene became a major issue to prevent the spread of bacteria and diseases. The Count therefore installed the first public toilets on the boulevards of Paris. Rambuteau’s individual urinals were designed to provide the City of Light with more hygienic toilet facilities.

The emergence of vespasas in Paris

It wasn’t until the end of the 19th century that Parisian “Vespasiennes” saw the light of day(see Emperor Vespasian mentioned above). These small “necessity” cabins finally enable women to relieve themselves away from home. In the 60s, the vespasiennes became a meeting place for homosexuals, where men seeking new relationships liked to linger. However, these homosexual relationships are frowned upon and tarnish the reputation of the vespasiennes. The National Assembly therefore decided to demolish them.

Gradually, the vespasiennes disappeared from Parisian streets, giving way, twenty years later, to the first urinal of the JC Decaux brand, today the world leader in street furniture.

What about women ?

From this brief retrospective of the history of public toilets, it’s easy to see that they were never really designed with women in mind.
And yet ! Women spend 2.5 times more time in the toilets than men. They are therefore the ones who are the most in need of public toilets.

Until the beginning of the 21st century, women only had ” small cabins ” to relieve themselves of a pressing urge. In 1981, JC Decaux created the first sanitary unit dedicated to women.
After nearly 2,000 years without much consideration, women are finally seeing solutions such as Lapee urinals, designed especially for them. Tested in Toulouse in 2019, this innovation will finally enable women to relieve themselves in public spaces in complete safety and without having to endure long queues !

Watch the video presentation of urinals for women

For more information:
Read the France Culture article




Every year, November 19th is World Toilet Day. After all, access to toilets is a public health issue throughout the world, and one that unfortunately receives little attention from the authorities.

The aim of this special day is to raise awareness by communicating alarming figures… According to UN surveys, over 50% of the world’s population lives without access to safe sanitation. Worse still, 2 million children die every year from illnesses caused by sanitation-related problems, according to the figures of AFA Asso. Today, more than 673 million people are forced to relieve themselves outdoors.

In India, the government launched a nationwide campaign in 2014 called “Swachh Bharat”, otherwise known as “Clean India”. Women in the eastern Jharkhand region of the country have set themselves the challenge of providing for one of their most natural needs: building real toilets at the bottom of their own garden. Before that, they had to go to forests to relieve themselves at night, because it’s a taboo subject. They were then faced with risks such as being bitten by insects or sexually assaulted.

If the project to install toilets on people’s properties has recently become a reality in India, in the land of the rising sun, projects to improve the hygiene and cleanliness of public sanitary facilities have always been a major challenge. One of the latest inventions is a toilet with transparent walls. The concept may sound intriguing, but in reality it’s all about preserving the privacy of users : when a user wants to go to the toilet and locks the door, the cabin – translucent at first glance – becomes opaque.

Sanitation issues vary from country to country, but unfortunately access to toilets worldwide remains a major problem. In a report published by the UN on World Toilet Day, it is noted that ” at the current rate of progress, sanitation for all will not be a reality before the twenty-second century”!